Situated in East Africa, just south of the equator, mainland Tanzania lies between the area of the great lakes; Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi - with the Indian Ocean on its' coastline to the east. It has land borders with Uganda and Kenya to the north, Mozambique and Malawi to the south, Zambia to the southwest and Dem. Rep. of Congo, Burundi and Rwanda to the west.
The country lies at an altitude of over 1,000ft, apart from a coastal strip varying in width from 10 to 40 miles. The greater part of the country is made up of plateau averaging 3,000 to 4,500ft in height. Mountains are grouped in various section. The Pare and Usambara ranges are in the northeast and the Livingstone Mountains in the southwest. Kilimanjaro (19,336ft) in the north is the highest mountain in Africa.
On the borders are three large lakes; Victoria, the second-largest freshwater lake in the world, Tanganyika, second only to Lake Baykal as the deepest in the world; and Lake Malawi. Lakes within Tanzania include Natron, Eyasi, Manyara and Rukwa.
Even though three great African rivers; the Nile, the Zaire and the Zambezi, have their origins in Tanzania, the country has few permanent rivers. During half the year, the central plateau has no running water, but in the rainy season flooding presents a problem.
Lowest Point: Indian Ocean 0m
Highest Point: Kilimanjaro 5,895m
Tanzania can truly claim to be the home of "Safari" since the word is Kiswahili for "journey." And there's no better place to enjoy the enriching wildlife experience than Tanzania. The wildlife viewing experiences are widely regarded as the best in Africa. It's the place to see seemingly endless herds of Wildebeest and Zebras trekking across the plains on their annual migration, followed by the predators; Lion, Cheetah and hyena.
Tanzania also lays claim to the title, "The Cradle of Mankind", as the remains of one of the earliest humans were discovered near Olduvai Gorge. And the visitor will want to see Ngorongoro Crater, the largest caldera in the world teeming with wildlife, along with the majestic, snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro, is the tallest mountain in Africa.
Tanzania also has hundreds of miles of palm-fringed beaches; lakes that are huge and bountiful with fish; relaxed and friendly cities; and exotic islands – Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia. . Tanzania has something to offer for everyone, whether it be wildlife viewing, adventure, African culture or simply relaxing on the beach.