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Madagascar

Madagascar Map & Flag

Introduction

Situated off the southeast coast of Africa, Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world, covering an area of 590, 000 km². The climate varies greatly from a region to another: warm and rainy in the eastern parts temperate in the Highlands warm and dry in the West very hot in the South. It is separated from the coast of Africa by the Mozambique Channel, the shortest distance between the island and the mainland is 400 km.

Madagascar consists mainly of a block of crystalline rocks. It is generally described as a plateau, rising sharply from the narrow plain of the east coast and descending in a series of steps to the strip of sedimentary rocks along the west coast. The high plateau is much indented and, on the eastern edge, cut by deep gorges and waterfalls. There are numerous volcanic outcrops that produce heights over 6,000 ft (the highest point being Tsaratanan, at 9,450 ft) and two former volcanic areas, Ankaratra and Andringingtra, which are over 8,500 ft.

The eastern coast is almost straight and has very few anchorages. Behind its coral beaches there is an almost continuous line of lagoons from Foulpointe to Farafrandana. These are linked by man-made channels to form an inland waterway called the Pangalanes Canal. The island's major rivers flow westward.


The Africa Guide's recommended Book
 Madagascar Bradt Travel Guide Madagascar   Madagascar Travel Guide - Bradt-
Buy in USA    Buy in Europe
A 'must' for any planning a visit to Madagascar! From the Nosy Be archipelago to the enchanting coastal town of Fort Dauphin via the capital Antananarivo and the bizarre limestone plateau at Ankarana, Bradt's Madagascar covers all the national parks and protected areas,
 
The Africa Guide's recommended Map
Madagascar Travel Map   Madagascar Travel Map
Buy in USA   buy in Europe
Published by ITMB Publishing Ltd
specialise in areas that are interesting, exotic and off the beaten track. In addition to the wealth of detail - many of the maps are strong on the physical features of the various countries - there is usually informative text included with the map, dealing with the history, culture, etc. The maps are light, practical and should be invaluable for the backpacker, traveller or tourist.

 
 
   
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