Lesotho is enclosed
geographical regions, demarcated by ascending altitude, expend approximately
north-south through the country. The western quarter of the country, a plateau
averaging 5,000 to 6,000 ft, ranges from a thin strip of 6 miles in width to a
zone 40 miles wide. The soil of this zone is derive from sandstone and,
particularly in the western most region, is poor and badly eroded.
reminder of the country is highland. A zone of rolling foothills, ranging from
6,000 to 7,000 ft, forms the border between the lowlands and the mountains in
the east. The Maluti Mountains, spurs of the Drakensberg range, extend north
and south. They form a high plateau from 9,000 to 10,000 ft in height. The
highest point is Thabana Ntlenyana (11,425ft) in the east. The rich volcanic
soils of the foothills and mountains are some of the best in the country.
The sources of two of the principal rivers in South Africa, the Orange and
the Thukela, are in these mountains. Tributaries of the Caledon River, which
forms the country's western border, also rise here.
|The Africa Guide's recommended book
||Lonely Planet South Africa, Lesotho &
Buy from USA
Buy from Europe
country guide to increasingly popular South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Your
passport to all the most relevant and up-to-date advice on what to see, what to
skip, and what hidden discoveries await you.
|The Africa Guide's recommended
||Lesotho Adventure Road Map
Buy from Europe
The map includes: Major
airports with airport names; Major peaks; Road information including major
roads, trunk roads main roads tracks and bridle paths; Easy-to-read full-colour