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Rhinoceros

Photo by Mike MatsonRhinos
Description and Characteristics:

The are two types of Rhino found in Africa - the Black Rhino and the White Rhino. Black Rhinos are more rare than White Rhino

The white rhino has a more prominent square lip, are larger than black rhino and are not as aggressive as black rhinos. Black Rhinos have a pointed mouth with a hooked lip. Black and White Rhinos are grey in colour.

Both the black and white Rhino have two horns, the longer of which is in the from. They are made of keratin which is the same material as hooves, fingernails and hair. The horns grow out of the skin.

Rhinos survival has been threatened by the high demand for their horns over the years - in the 1970's there was demand for their horns from the Arabs who used them in production of dagger handles. There is a high demand for rhino horn from Asia who use them in traditional medicine and ornamental carvings.

Feeding/drinking Habits:
White Rhinos are grass eaters (grazers), Black Rhinos are browsers, eating a large variety of vegetation, including leaves, buds and shoots of plants, bushes and trees.

Habitat:
Black rhinos have various habitats, but are mainly found in areas with dense, woody vegetation. White rhinos live in savannah's with close access to waterholes, mud wallows and shady trees.

Size & Lifespan
The white rhino is larger and heavier than the black rhino.
White Rhino weighing 1,800 - 2,700 kg. Height: 5 - 6 ft (1.5 - 1.8 m) tall at shoulder, Length: 12.5-15 ft (3.8-5m) length of head and body
Black Rhino weighing 800 - 1,350 kg, Height: 4.5 - 5.5 ft (1.4 - 1.7 m) tall at shoulder. Length: 10- 12.5 ft (3.0-3.8m) length of head and body

The white rhino lives to about 50 years and the black rhino about 30-35 years in the wild and 35-45+ years in captivity

Reproduction:
White Rhino: Gestation period is approximately 16 months with a birth interval of 1 calf every 2 to 3 years .

Black Rhino: Gestation period is approximately 15 to 16 months. Birth intervals of a single calf, every 2.5 to 4 years.

A calf will remain with her mother for 2-4 years

Predators and Threats:
Man has been the main predator of the Rhino - poaching them for their horns. Efforts are ongoing to save the rhino from extinction.

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Photos of Rhino
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Books about Rhino

The Rhinoceros (Endangered Animals & Habitats) by Mary Hull
Presents an overview of various species of rhinoceroses, how they have become endangered, and what is being done to protect them from extinction.
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Rhinos- (Zoobooks Series) by John Bonnett Wexo
packed with current scientific facts, striking photography, beautiful illustrations and unique activities that teach children about animals and the habitats in which they live.
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Rhinoceroses - (True Books) by Melissa Stewart

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Posters of Rhino

Rhinos
Black rhinoceroses  in the grasslands of Ngorongoro Crater
Black rhinoceroses in the grasslands of Ngorongoro Crater
White Rhinoceros At The Water
White Rhinoceros At The Water
Rhino & Calf
Note Card: Rhino & Calf
Rhinos
Rhinos
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Other resources about Rhino

Save the Rhino International
we save rhinos by supporting projects that protect them and their habitats, raising public awareness of rhino conservation.

The International Rhino Foundation
a non-profit organization dedicated to the worldwide conservation of the five living species of rhinoceros: Black, White, Indian, Javan and Sumatran.

SADAC Regional Programme for Rhino Conservation

Rhino Ark
to raise such funds and material support as are required for the building of an electrified fence to encircle both the Aberdares National Park and the demarcated forestry areas which make up the Aberdares Conservation Area.
 
 
   
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