Africa Guide
Africa travel since 1996
Guide to Africa

Birds in Africa

Introduction to Birdlife

The system of species classification is called taxonomy.

The grouping of birds into different species within taxonomy being determined by physiological similarities and recently with the advances in gene science by their genetic make-up.

Species classification follows sub-groups with various names.

The species classification of birds is in the following order: 

Kingdom Animalia (i.e animals, also known as Metazoa)
Phylum Chordata (animals with a spine)
Class Aves (birds)

Worldwide it is estimated there are just below 10,000 different species of bird. (estimates vary) with an estimated 2,500 species being endemic or migratory to Africa.

The worlds largest living bird is found in Africa the Ostrich (view photos) (Struthio camelus) and can be up to 2.7m tall and weighing up to 145Kg. Typically they are found on Africas savanna and desert lands north and south of the Sahara.

The smallest bird in Africa is the Southern (or “Cape”) Penduline-tit at around 10cm long and weighing 7-8 grams. They are found in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe.

The heaviest flying bird in Africa is the Kori Bustard (view photos) and can weigh up to 19Kg.

The Social Weaver Bird (Weaver Bird photos) builds the largest communal nest in the world. They are found in South Africa, Botswana and Namibia.

Recommended Trips

Ghana Birdwatching Tour - 14 days
Ghana Birdwatching Tour - 14 days
With over 750 different species of birds, Ghana is an ideal birdwatching destination. We use highly experienced tour leaders and guides with expert knowledge of Ghana’s birds and their habitats.
14 Days - GBP £1,595
Ghana Birdwatching Tour for 11 days
Ghana Birdwatching Tour for 11 days
With over 750 different species of birds, Ghana is an ideal birdwatching destination. We use highly experienced tour leaders and guides with expert knowledge of Ghana’s birds and their habitats.
11 Days - GBP £1,200
Ghana Bird Watching Tour -  16 Days
Ghana Bird Watching Tour - 16 Days
With over 750 different species of birds, Ghana is an ideal birdwatching destination. We use highly experienced tour leaders and guides with expert knowledge of Ghana’s birds and their habitats.
16 Days - GBP £1,695
Ethiopia Bird Watching Safari
Ethiopia Bird Watching Safari
Bird watchig in Ethiopia is one of the best birding in East Africa. Our Ethiopia bird watching itinerary takes you to the main Ethiopia birding sites and provides to see Ethiopian endemic birds, other
19 Days - USD $4,600
Malawi - Dzalanyama Birdwatching Safari
Malawi - Dzalanyama Birdwatching Safari
2 night / 3 day excursion into the Dzalanyama Forest Reserve. Birdwatching Special - over 300 species recorded in this renowned Miombo Forest. Guaranteed departure any day for minimum of 2 persons
3 Days - USD $494
7 Days: Bird-watchers Paradise Safari Kenya
7 Days: Bird-watchers Paradise Safari Kenya
Especially for bird watching enthusists, this safari enables you enjoy the tranquility of Kenya's exotic birdlife in the rift valley lakes and the forests, as well as view the other wildlife Kenya is famous for.
7 Days - EUR €1,056
Birding Watching Tour Uganda
Birding Watching Tour Uganda
Discover birders paradise in the Pearl of Africa! Go in search of the rare Shoebill Stork and enjoy the rich, colourful birdlife.
9 Days - USD $2,365
Bird Watching and Wildlife Safari in Tanzania
Bird Watching and Wildlife Safari in Tanzania
This tour focuses on observing birds & wildlife in their natural surroundings and see how they go about their daily live and integrate with the environment around them. Private tour for 2 persons minimum departing any day.
10 Days - USD $2,338
Tanzania Bird Watching and Wildlife Safari
Tanzania Bird Watching and Wildlife Safari
Observe birds & wildlife in their natural surroundings is the main focus of our tours, and the itineraries are designed to provide the best opportunities to encounter Birds and mammals.
9 Days - USD $1,808
Hiking and Bird Watching Tour in Tanzania
Hiking and Bird Watching Tour in Tanzania
Observe wild birds in their natural habitat with plenty of opportunities for comfort stops, meals, and photography at the base of Mt Kilimanjaro, the Amani botanical gardens in East Usambara Mountain.
11 Days - USD $2,236
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