The system of species classification is called taxonomy.
The grouping of birds into different species within taxonomy being determined by physiological similarities and recently with the advances in gene science by their genetic make-up.
Species classification follows sub-groups with various names.
The species classification of birds is in the following order:
Kingdom Animalia (i.e animals, also known as Metazoa)
Phylum Chordata (animals with a spine)
Class Aves (birds)
Worldwide it is estimated there are just below 10,000 different species of bird. (estimates vary) with an estimated 2,500 species being endemic or migratory to Africa.
The worlds largest living bird is found in Africa the Ostrich (view photos) (Struthio camelus) and can be up to 2.7m tall and weighing up to 145Kg. Typically they are found on Africas savanna and desert lands north and south of the Sahara.
The smallest bird in Africa is the Southern (or “Cape”) Penduline-tit at around 10cm long and weighing 7-8 grams. They are found in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
The heaviest flying bird in Africa is the Kori Bustard (view photos) and can weigh up to 19Kg.
The Social Weaver Bird (Weaver Bird photos) builds the largest communal nest in the world. They are found in South Africa, Botswana and Namibia.
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