Niger is a landlocked country bordered in the north by Libya, Chad to the East, Nigeria in the south, Benin and Burkina Fasso in the southwest, Mali in the west and Algeria in the Northwest.
Two-thirds of Niger is desert with much of the of the northeastern part of the country being uninhabitable. The remaining third of the country is savannah, suitable mainly for raising livestock and limited agriculture. In the north-central region is the volcanic Air Massif, attaining heights of up to 5,900 ft.
The Niger River flows for 300 miles along the south-west border, permitting the cultivation of various crops. A portion of Lake Chad is situated in the eastern part of the country.